Gyumri is the second-largest city in Armenia and serves as the administrative center of the Shirak Province. It is located in the northwestern part of the country, not far from the border with Turkey. Gyumri has a unique charm and history, as well as a distinct character that sets it apart from the capital city, Yerevan.
Gyumri has a rich history that dates back centuries. It was founded in the 5th century and has experienced periods of both prosperity and challenges. The city has been under different ruling powers, including the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire. It was known as Alexandropol during the Russian rule.
One of the most distinctive aspects of Gyumri is its architecture. The city was heavily affected by earthquakes, including a devastating one in 1988 that resulted in significant destruction. As a result, you'll find a mix of well-preserved historic buildings, many of which are constructed from black tufa stone, alongside modern structures that have been built in the years following the earthquake.
Gyumri has a reputation for its artistic and cultural scene. The city is home to various art studios, galleries, and cultural institutions that showcase local artwork and creativity. The people of Gyumri are known for their sense of humor, and the city has a vibrant and distinctive cultural identity.